Automotive Printed Circuit Board Layout


Automotive Electronics Images

Printed circuit board layout is often the single most important factor affecting the electromagnetic compatibility of automotive systems. Boards that are auto-routed or laid out according to a list of design rules do not usually meet electromagnetic compatibility requirements on the first pass; and the automotive systems relying on these boards are more likely to require expensive EMC fixes. Boards that are "patched" in order to comply with component-level EMC tests, can often be the source of problems that arise during vehicle-level testing.

Proper layout is particularly important in mixed-signal boards (boards with both analog and digital circuits). Minor mistakes in the layout of these boards can make the difference between a reliable component and a component with severe susceptibility problems. Recognizing poor design features early in the development cycle can save a lot of time and expense later on. This course stresses the fundamental concepts and tools that board designers must be familiar with to meet automotive EMC requirements. Students completing the course will be able to make good decisions regarding component selection, component placement, and trace routing. In addition, students will have the knowledge and tools necessary to design effective power distribution and grounding strategies for automotive printed circuit boards.

Continuing Education Credit: 0.75 CEUs, 7.5 PDHs

Course Outline

Automotive Electronics Images
  1. Introduction
    • Impact of Layout on Automotive Product Compliance and Cost
    • Examples of Good and Bad Board Layouts
  2. Signal Routing and Termination
    • Tracing Current Paths
    • Concept of Least Impedance
    • When, Where and How to Terminate Signals
  3. Identifying the Unintentional Antennas on a Board
    • Essential Elements of an Antenna
    • Cables and Enclosures as Radiating Elements
    • Board Structures that Potentially Radiate
  4. Noise Sources and Coupling Mechanisms
    • Integrated Circuits as Sources of EMI
    • Parasitic Oscillations and Unexpected Noise Sources
    • ESD and Transient Susceptibility
    • Conducted, Electric and Magnetic Field Coupling
  5. Circuit Board Grounding, Filtering and Shielding
    • Ground vs. Signal Return
    • To-Segment Or Not-to-Segment Planes
    • Filters that Work Above 100 MHz
    • Effective and Ineffective Shielding
  6. DC Power Distribution and Decoupling
    • Effective Power Distribution Strategies
    • Choosing and Locating Decoupling Capacitors
    • Low-Inductance Capacitor Connections
    • Isolating PLLs and Other Sensitive Devices
  7. Strategies for PCB Layout
    • Design Guidelines (Good and Bad)
    • Optimizing Component Placement
    • Stack-up and Routing Priorities
    • Common Problems that are Easily Avoided
  8. Automotive Design Examples
    • Engine Control Module
    • Steering Control Module
    • Body Control Module
    • Infotainment System

Course Instructor

Prof. Todd Hubing

Dr. Todd H. Hubing is a Professor Emeritus of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Clemson University and Director of the Clemson Vehicular Electronics Laboratory. He and his students at Clemson have worked on the development and analysis of a wide variety of electronic products. EMC design rules can vary greatly depending on whether you are designing high-speed computing equipment, low-cost mixed-signal consumer products or high-power industrial controls; but the basic EMC principles are the same in all industries. By applying these principles in an organized manner, it is possible to review a design circuit-by-circuit to guarantee that any particular EMC requirement will be met. This approach is more effective than the blind application of design guidelines and is the primary emphasis of every EMC design class taught by Dr. Hubing.